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Keep in mind, I'm speaking here of what I think is needed in the U.S.A., based on where we are now and our culture. I am not saying these should be the laws in other places.
Here's what I want for gun control laws:
#1. No gun ownership if you are under the age of 18. Period. Your parents own it, and you can use it. When you turn 18 you can study for an obtain a license and the gun can be transferred.
#2. License requirements for ownership, for carry outside the home, and for concealed carry. Three different license levels -- just like with driving (cars, commercial, large trucks). No handgun ownership without a training course and a license exam, no handgun public carry without a psychological examination (the exception being in a locked storage box between the home and a licensed target range or gun store), and no concealed carry without all of the above plus a bond process. I know that last two will make many people scream, but deal with it. Most psychosis doesn't become manifest until the late teens and early twenties -- absolutely the wrong time to make gun ownership first easily available.
#3. Absolutely NO transfer of gun ownership under any circumstances without following the federal background check process and validation of the licensee according to the requirements above. If you fail to follow the right process for transfer, you are still the gun owner and subject to liability (see below) for its misuse.
#4. A strong liability law for owning the handgun. A law should be in place that makes it a crime to "Fail to secure and protect a firearm to prevent its misuse". If someone else uses a gun you own to commit a crime, you are liable in a real sense -- including (at least) the loss of your license to own firearms. You also should be potentially at risk for negligence or in the case of someone being killed, negligent manslaughter. Obviously a theft reporting process would need to be in place, but even that should have specific time limits in which to report the theft, and multiple theft claims would leave you subject to license review.
#5. The ability to carry both openly and concealed handguns, in addition to the federal requirement above, should be subject to limitation at the local level based on popular vote. A city or town should have the right to say "we don't want you carrying a firearm in our midst". It makes some sense to have a firearm handy in very rural locations, but far less so in most urban ones (we can argue over defense of home in urban locations, but that's a matter for the people who live in the town to decide).
#6. Any private business, or homeowner (we can discuss renters and landlords) should have the right to prohibit firearms on their property.
Put these in place and enforce them seriously, and I'm ok with the remaining legal ownership of the firearms.
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